Fortier Photo  FPh- (un-numbered)

Series FORTIER PHOT(o) DAKAR FPh-

This part of the second series comprises two subsets:

A first short un-numbered sub-series, of about forty cards (discovered to date) and in the main not captioned, is primarily devoted to Dakar, with some snaps of Rufisque and Saint-Louis and of unlocated characters.

The absence not only of captions on two-thirds of these cards but also of EF number of the snap seems deliberate like all the first creations of Fortier. There is nothing to show which of them are sucessors of the series FD-. At present we do not know which two snapshots are common to the two sub-series.

The FPh- without numbers were circulated at the end of 1901 and in 1902, certainly until the sale of the FPh- numbered in August  or September 1902.

For the purpose of the directory the uncaptioned cards are given a summary description in order to facilitate identification. For the most part they have been reissued once or several times, firstly for the FPh- numbered and then in the later series. These are all of 14 x 9 format; the black on white snapshots carry the caption ‘Fortier, Photo-Dakar’ upright at the bottom right-hand side, except for the FPh-(53). Note also that the description of FPh-(50) ‘Rue de Dakar’ is carried by at least three cards of different scenes, designated ‘A’, ‘B’ and ‘C’. Signatures on cards above FPh-(50) differ in punctuation. Four variable margins often allow the senders themselves to write the missing caption.

The discontinuous numbering of the directory allows the eventual addition, by theme or by place, of the cards which come to be found later.

Note: green indicates example is held.

The table III in the appendix section gives the cross-reference numbers of cards of the FPh- series without numbers and FPh- numbered.

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FORTIER PHOTO DAKAR FPh-

Not numbered and not captioned

FPh-(l). Street in Dakar - The Street of the Essarts - almost empty, wall and fence to the right, small house on the left, house with a balcony at the end, some people passing, two pairs of women in mid-foreground / see FPh-86 /

FPh-(2). Lively street centre - Street of the Essarts corner of Kermel. Street lamp and shop of large concrete blocks to the left, a European in a helmet to the left on the pavement, enclosed garden to the right / R as FPh-105/

NOTE:  *essarts: (french) a site where the branches and bushes are removed to prepare the land for cultivation.

FPh-(3). Market, the old market predating the Kermel, on the same site, covered market with vertical wooden poles, crowd of women / R /

FPh-(4). The bottom of Pinet-Laprade boulevard, junction, street-lamp to the right, three Europeans with helmets in conversation / R / CPA posted 1902 in Marseille. Taken about 1900. The three people in the foreground are identified by the sender as Messieurs Laugé, Ekman et Lépine.

FPh-(5). Un-made sloping street - alongside the Public Garden - wooden footbridge in the foreground, houses to the left with a balcony, dense vegetation to the right / FPh-(57) /

FPh-(6). Boulevard Andre Lebon, entered from the the direction of the Naval Port from after the sign / FPh-(58) /

FPh-(7). Central street, six older children on the pavement to the left of whom two are carrying calabash, three others / R as FPh-7 /

FPh-(8). ....................

FPh-(9). Port roads to the right, empty beach in the foreground, railway track on the left. Schooners and fishing boats in the distance at the bottom. / Dakar /

FPh-(10). Dock works, building site for the Hersent Society, bay to the right, beach to the left very cluttered with material, small railway track in the left foreground / FPh-(56) /

FPh-(11). Dakar harbour to the left, beach in the foreground and small jetty of concrete piers, a schooner and a small steamboat to the left. / Known anonymously as ‘Une vue de la Rade’

FPh-(12). Shot of the port taken transversely and from high up, two cranes and three tiled structures, a sailing ship, 2 asses to the right. /

FPh-(13). Harbour to the right, beach, railway track and wooden house on grassy hillock and tower or semaphore to the left, vague terrain in the foreground. / Known anonymously as ‘DAKAR - Une vue de la Rade’. See also FPh-(61).

FPh-(14). Port, General armory on the left, launches tied up above the quay, a sailing boat to the right. / R /

FPh-(15). African quarter, huts with tiles and straw, four children on the left, two women in the centre, a man sitting on the right. / R FPh-(50)C /

FPh-(16). African quarter, huts and fences, baobab on the right to the rear and two children. /R/

FPh-(17). African quarter, huts of thatch and houses of planks with tiled roof and cut wood, two rings on a thatch in the foreground. / several R /

FPh-(18), (19).  ....................

FPh-(20). Loading groundnuts on the wharf at Rufisque.

FPh-(21) - (23). ....................

FPh-(24). Saint-Louis, Guet Ndar. River in the foreground. Incomplete sailboat on left. Large rowing boat on the sand in front of huts and palm trees / R= FPh-(65) /

FPh-(25). Saint-Louis, market and Dodds Avenue, coconut alley at the bottom, a child in a dark costume who is looking back in the foreground and large bags on the ground. / R  FPh-99 /

FPh-(26). Market in Saint-Louis, the same place as FPh-(25), a little more at the bottom, long gray building at the bottom, coconuts to the left. / R  FPh-102 /

FPh-(27). Arrival of Samory at Saint-Louis, steamer and pontoon to the right, Samory already on the quay between two rows of soldiers, balcony up high to the left / R=FPh-(104) /

FPh-(30). Unplaced village, huts and boxes under two large trees, concrete well, unfinished roof made of boxes lays on the ground at the bottom left.

FPh-(31). Village square, large tree to the right, three little ones to the left, three women carrying calabashes, a man siiting in the centre on the ground. / Ant = FD-11 / R /

FPh-(32). Market at Thies, covered stall to the left, undulating tiled roof, laterite pillars with white joints, a bare baobab at the bottom, space in the foreground. / R FPh-(60) and FPh-97 /

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Captioned but un-numbered

FPh-(49). DAKAR. Post Office Street / signed “FORTIER, photographe” /

FPh-(50) NB: 3 cards with the same caption.

FPh-(50)A. Street in Dakar - The Street of the Essarts - almost empty, wall and fence to the right, small house on the left, house with a balcony at the end, some people passing, two pairs of women in mid-foreground / the same as FPh-(1); see also FPh-86 for similar view/

FPh-(50)B. Lively street centre - Street of the Essarts - corner of Kermel. Street lamp and shop of large concrete blocks to the left, a European in a helmet to the left on the pavement, enclosed garden to the right / R / see FPh-105/ Ant = FPh-(2) /

FPh-(50)C. Dakar street. / Unlocated street in the native quarter, Two women in centre carrying items, one with pots on head. Four young boys to the left. Seated man to the right working on fencing material. Native huts surrounded by wicker fencing. / see FPh-5 /

FPh-(51). DAKAR. Local village. / Ant = FD-11? and FPh-(31) / R /

FPh-(52). DAKAR. Panorama. / port and town viewed from the entry to the port. Double postcard with fold, 28 x 9 format /

FPh-(53). DAKAR. Generale view. / with exceptional mention "FORTIER, Photographe, Dakar" / Ant = FPh-(14)? / known with postmark around January 1901, but see ‘A bit of history’ below /

FPh-(54). DAKAR. / view of the battery, snapshot very close to FPh-(14) and FPh-(53) taken on a different day / see also FPh-59 / R /

FPh-(55). Dakar. Cathedral. / Ant = FD-10 /

FPh-(56). Dakar. Port works. / Ant = FPh-(10) /

FPh-(57). Dakar. Public Garden. / Ant = FPh-(5) /

FPh-(58). Dakar. Entrance of the town. / Ant = FPh-(6) /

FPh-(59). DAKAR. Market. / Ant = FPh-(3)

FPh-(60). Thies market. / Ant = FD-(3); FPh-(32) /

FPh-(61). DAKAR - Plage. / Ant = FPh-(13) and Anonymous DAKAR - Une vue de la Rade /

FPh-(65). Senegal. River banks. / Saint-Louis, Guet Ndar. Exists anonymously /Ant = FPh-(24) /

FPh-(66) - (69).   ..........

FPh-(70). Local barber. / R as FPh-47 /

FPh-(71). Trarza Mauritanian. / R as FPh-25 /

FPh-(72). Bambara Wrestler. / R as FPh-43 / snapshot EF93 /

FPh-(73). Senegal. Lahobes.

FPh-(74). Senegalese Halamkat (Griot). / R as FPh-39 /

    A bit of history

See FPh-(53) - The copy of this card held was posted in St Louis by a naval officer named J.J. Lung O.7075 to a Madame Anna Lung (his mother) at the Chateau de Moussey at Vosges, France on 21 March 1900. His personal message translates as ‘A souvenir from your son who holds you affectionately’.

This was earlier than the previously known instance.

It is interesting to note that Fortier was born and lived in Vosges before emigrating to Senegal.